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45 Words You Should Know: HIV/AIDS

If you or a loved one has been recently diagnosed with HIV, you undoubtedly have a lot of questions about what the condition means for you and your future.

One of the challenges of an HIV diagnosis is navigating through a whole new set of acronyms, slang, and terminology. Don't worry: we're here to help. Hover over the 45 most commonly used terms and lingo to see what they mean, and get a better understanding on the condition.

45 Words You Should Know: HIV/AIDS

World AIDS Day 2013

UNAIDS reports a 52% reduction in new HIV infections among children and a combined 33% reduction among adults and children since 2001

World closing in on Millennium Development Goal 6, globally the AIDS epidemic has been halted and reversed—race is on to reach universal access to HIV treatment.

Transmission

How HIV passed from one person to another?
Only certain fluids—blood, semen (cum), pre-seminal fluid (pre-cum), rectal fluids, vaginal fluids, and breast milk—from an HIV-infected person can transmit HIV. These fluids must come in contact with a mucous membrane or damaged tissue or be directly injected into the bloodstream (from a needle or syringe) for transmission to possibly occur. Mucous membranes can be found inside the rectum, the vagina, the opening of the penis, and the mouth.

HIV/AIDS Basics

What is HIV?

Where did HIV Come from?

What are the stages of HIV?

How can I tell if I'm infected with HIV?

Is there a cure for HIV?


What is HIV?

HIV stands for human immunodeficiency virus. It is the virus that can lead to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, or AIDS. Unlike some other viruses, the human body cannot get rid of HIV. That means that once you have HIV, you have it for life.

Code of Ethics

Donors and volunteers support charitable organizations like the National HIV Testing Centers of America (NHTCA) because they trust the organizations to carry out their missions, to be good stewards of their resources, and to uphold rigorous standards of conduct. Not-for-profit organizations must earn this trust every day and in every possible way.

To demonstrate its ongoing commitment to the core values of integrity, honesty, fairness, openness, respect, and responsibility, NHTCA has formally adopted a Statement of Values and Code of Ethics with which all of our board members, staff, and volunteers. In addition, the existence of the Statement of Values and Code of Ethics has been publicly communicated (i.e., on NHTCA’s website) and shared with key stakeholders.

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HIV TIMELINE

The world first became aware of AIDS in the early 1980s. Growing numbers of gay men in New York and California were developing rare types of pneumonia and cancer, and a wasting disease was spreading in Uganda. Doctors reported AIDS symptoms under different names, including “gay-related immune deficiency” and “slim,” but by 1985, they reported them all over the world.

HIV/AIDS Fast Facts

The United States of America is one of the countries with the largest number of HIV infections in the world. Based on data from the 33 states and four dependent territories with longterm, confidential name-based HIV reporting, men accounted for most of the HIV or AIDS diagnoses (74%) among adults and adolescents in the country in 2005.

Black Gay Men and The Church

The New Hope Baptist Church in Birmingham, Ala., makes headlines for posting a sign outside its building that reads: “AIDS is God’s curse on a homosexual life.”

“Some pastors are afraid and they don’t touch it,” Jordan told the Birmingham News shortly after the sign went up. “The Lord spoke to me. He’s cursing that population because it insults his creation. I’m going to keep it up. I feel like God’s creation is at stake here.”

Other pastors in the Birmingham area speak out against the sign. “I think it’s a theologically incorrect message,” Rev. Al B. Sutton told the same newspaper. “It does not reflect God’s compassion, mercy and understanding. If God were going to wipe us out because of sin, we’d all be gone.”

Mother-to-Child HIV Transmission

Worldwide in 2001, 1.8 million women became infected with HIV. Approximately 800,000 children also became HIV infected, the majority of them via MTCT. A large proportion of people newly diagnosed with HIV worldwide are between 15-24 years old. A very important component of MTCT prevention must be HIV prevention for young people, especially girls and young women before they become sexually active, and treatment for those already infected...

Newly Diagnosed?

Being diagnosed with HIV can be a scary thing to face. You may have a lot of unanswered questions and concerns. This checklist will help you take the first steps toward managing a new HIV diagnosis.

 

  • Don’t panic—just breathe. This is life-changing news but you have life-enhancing options.

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